On the 11th to 13th of May a series of tests with
Tilia was performed. The tests were co-ordinated by Max Vinner, Vikingeskisbhallen assisted by Rikke
Johansen, Vikingeskibshallen. Otto Uldum (Centre for Maritime
Archaeology at the National Museum of Denmark) conducted
documentation with photos and video.
The main purpose of the tests was to check the crews’
possibility of sailing long distances with Tilia in order to get a
better understanding of the see traffic in Scandinavia in the late
Bronze age and early Iron age. As last year the crew was from the Dragon-boat-club
Viking Team Copenhagen. They participated with 25 paddlers
headed by team leader Søren Boisen.
As a preparation we had made 4 long paddles for rib 9 and 10 and
we had reduced the weight of the ash wood paddles by making the
shafts thinner. Finally we had sharpened the paddle blades. We had produced and mounted new broad floorboards for
better support for the feet of the paddlers. However these
floorboards are not archeologically documented.
Friday at eight 20 members of
the guild met at the shipyard in order to launch Tilia. At 8.45
Tilia was lying ready alongside the gangway in Dyvig. At 9.30 the
dragon-boat crew arrived and the boarding started. Everyone was
weighed along with gear and water. The weather was marvellous,
almost no wind and sunshine. We sailed off at 11. The 25 dragon
sailors, Max and Rikke plus Fenger and Chr. Møller from the guild
together with the gear weighed 2450 kg; 700-800 kg more than the
normal crew weight.
We went out through Stegsvig with 55 strokes per minute at a speed
of 6 knots. Later the cadence dropped to 52 strokes per minute. On
the north coast of Barsø we went ashore for lunch. Later we
continued according to plan with a beautiful visit at Kalvø in
Genner Bay. Tilia was back in Dyvig around 5 o’clock. We had
baled out considerably on the way. The crew didn’t seem
Saturday the crew arrived at 10 and boarded. This time we sailed
south through Als Fjord and onwards through Alssund. Vi went
ashore just south of Sønderbog Castle in a small sand bay. On the
way we conducted some tests where half of the crew rested whilst
the other half paddled. The speed was only reduced by 15%
(Theoretically it should be 22%).
At 14.30 we headed back north. The cadence was 52
strokes per minute. On this trip we tested two new methods for
1. One rib rested for 5 minutes, then the next rib and so
on. This meant that the members of the crew rested for 5 minutes
and the paddled for 45 minutes. The reduction of speed lie within
the measurement uncertainty.
2. Rib 10 and 5 rested for 3 minutes, then the time of
rest passed to rib 9 and 4 and so on. The crewmembers then paddled
12 minutes and rested 3 minutes. This method reduced the speed
with 6%, which is consistent with the theory
paddlers preferred the last method and it can be recommended for
long distance sailings.
distance from Sønderborg Castle to the bottom of Dyvig (11.5
nautical miles) was sailed in 2 hours and 15 minutes giving an
average speed of more than 5 knots.
On a day in June in prehistoric time with a calm see a similar
boat on its way to summer solstitial feast in Tanum could sail
from the eastern mouth of Limfjorden south of Læsø to Sweden in
12 hours using resting sequence 2. In order to finance the trip
they could have carried along 2-300 kg of bronze and flint axes.
(By the way the distance corresponds to the distance around Als,
55 nautical miles).